The use of SVF produces important biological responses in the organism and favors a series of cellular processes and actions. There is a constant production and release of cytokines and growth factors by the cells contained in the SVF and by the cells affected by the infiltration of the SVF.
Cytokines are low molecular weight proteins essential for intercellular communication (which also carry out neurotransmitters and hormones) and are produced and released by several cell types. They control quite critical biological and physiological functions such as tissue repair, cell differentiation and maturation, inflammation and immune response, both local and systemic, apoptosis, etc.
Generalizing the effects of all these protein components is impossible, even so, according to their functions are classified into autocrine, paracrine and endocrine. Cytokines are characterized by their redundancy: many of them share similar functions. In addition, they are pleiotropic: they act on many different cell types and a cell can express receptors for more than one cytokine.
Antibody-binding cytokines have a stronger immune effect than do single ones. The SVF has a significant percentage of cells that generate antibodies such as lymphocytes.